9- PHÉP THÁNH THỂ.

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9- PHÉP THÁNH THỂ.
                      

                                                           6- EUCHARISTIC

       
               Some people think that the bread and wine in the Eucharist are just symbols, the breaking of bread is in remembrance of Christ.          
                But the Church absolutely believes that the Bread and Wine in the Eucharist are the Flesh and Blood of Jesus Christ, as Saint Paul has determined: Co 11: 27-29: "Wherefore whosoever shall eat This Bread, and drink this Cup of the Lord, unworthy, shall be guilty of the Body and Blood of The Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that Bread and drink of that Cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's Body." Also before the celebration of the Eucharistic consecration, the priest prays: "You are indeed Holy, O Lord, the fount of all holiness. Make holy, therefore, the gifts, we pray, by sending down your Holy Spirit upon them like the dewfall, so that they may become for us the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ." And when giving the Host or the Precious Blood of Jesus Christ to the parishioners, the priest chants: "Body of Christ" or "Blood of Christ", then the person receiving Holy Communion or Precious Blood replies: "Amen" which means to acknowledge those are the real Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. Yet when we eat the bread and drink the wine, it tastes just like ordinary bread and wine, with no difference at all. 
             We know how great the benediction of FAITH is: "Blessed are those who have not seen and yet believe". So the more insignificant and small that Bread and Wine look, the greater merit for the person who believes it to be the real Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. 
             But before the turbulence of the refutation, please have your opinion on this including: 
               1-Acknowledge the scientific way.
               Objects in the universe include hard substances, soft substances, liquids, gases, semi-substances, and super-substances. But there is one precious, sublime Substance that surpasses all of the above, which no one in the world knows or speaks of, only Jesus Christ has revealed in His Gospel, that is THE TRUTH, THE TRUTH does not dissolve, does not change, LIVE and endures forever, cover the entire universe. It is LIFE, it is the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, the Flesh of God, the Eucharist of the Holy Trinity. And the soul of each of us is created by God from his own flesh: Genesis 1:27: " So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them." And Genesis 2:7: "And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground (matter) and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life (THE TRUTH, THE LIFE); and man became a living soul."
                 So even if there is no sense to recognize the soul, no sophisticated machine has been able to probe the soul, but through the evidence from the Bible and physical phenomena every day, we know for sure that the soul is a strong, stable, and flexible being like the creatures in the spirit world because it was born from the Eucharist of God. And whenever still attached to the body, the soul needs to be nourished with the Flesh and Blood of Christ in order to be great, strong, good, holy, bright: "The good people will shine like the sun in their Father's kingdom." So every time we attend Mass and receive the Body and Blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, our souls participate in a feast to be fed and nourished.
                2-Jesus performed the transformation of bread and wine into His Flesh and Blood.
                Finding all four Gospels, Jesus performed many miracles, but only three were Jesus giving thanks to God the Father: the miracle of multiplying the loaves (twice), Jesus miraculously raised Saint Lazarus from death after four days, and when Jesus instituted the Eucharist, three Gospels according to Saints Matthew, Saint Mark, Saint Luke, and Saint Paul's letters, all are detailed: Jesus gives thanks and praises to God the Father.
                First, the miracle of multiplying the loaves, once for five thousand people, not counting women and children, and once for four thousand people, not counting women and children. The hard work was to instantly transform a mass of about three to four tons from super matter into the matter, in the form of baked bread and fish that were cooked, ready to eat and had to create fish and bread spontaneously, naturally in the act of breaking the bread and the fish. Because of this complexity, Jesus had to call on the Father, and when the Father accepted, Jesus did give thanks to God the Father. 
              Second is the miracle that Jesus raised Saint Lazarus from death for four days, we see that Jesus performed miracles in healing the blind, the lame, the demon-possessed, the lepers, and even the dead are raised... There is no miracle that He gives thanks and praises to God the Father, but here Saint Lazarus died for four days, and almost every part of the body has disintegrated and decayed. The work was difficult, so Jesus had to rely on the Father, then he gave thanks when the Father accepted: John 12: 41-42: "Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me."
              When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, we see in all three Synoptics and in Paul's epistles that Jesus gave thanks before giving the Bread and Wine. It could not say by just breaking the bread and raising the ordinary cup of wine to give to the disciples that Jesus had to rely on the Father, and then give thanks to Him, and also could not say the bread and wine were the symbols that must invoke the Father.
              So we understand that this is an extremely great decision of Jesus' boundless mercy that He begged the Father to comply with His will. It was a very difficult work that Jesus had to beg the Father and give thanks when the Father accepted because from then until the end of the world, every time the priest of God performed the rite of offering bread and wine and read the words according to the way Jesus commanded them, the Bread and Wine immediately turned into the real Body and Blood of Jesus Christ to feed our souls, as well as admonishing, defending, protecting, comforting, and overflowing with the blessings of the Holy Eucharist.
               3- The Bread of Life Discourse. (John Chapter Six)         
                On the evening of the previous day, Jesus transformed bread and fish to feed thousands of people, so most of the people sought to make him king in the order he could feed them without having to work, so the Lord said: John 6:27-29: "Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of Man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed." Then said they unto him, "What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?" Jesus answered and said unto them: "This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent."
          Believing in Jesus Christ and practicing His instructions produces merit for eternal life, but people continued to rebuke the Lord, exhorting Him:
          John 6:30-31: They said therefore unto him: "What sign showest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? What do thou work? Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat."

           John 6:32:  Then Jesus saith unto them: "Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.":
               But people thought that Jesus gave them food so they wouldn't have to work: Jn 6: 34: Then saith they unto him: "Lord, evermore give us this bread."
               Then Jesus made it clearer: John 6:35: And Jesus said unto them: "I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst."
              And seeing the disappointment on their faces, he continued: John 6:36-40: "But I saith unto you, That ye, also hath seen me, but believe not. All that the FATHER GIVETH to me will come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that everyone that seeth the Son, and believeth on him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up on the last day."
              "Those whom the Father has given me" means only those who are good and meritorious can Jesus enlighten their hearts and minds to believe in Him.
              So that uninspired crowd was indignant because the Lord said, "I am the bread that came down from heaven" when they knew Jesus was the son of Joseph, a carpenter, and the poor and humble Mary, hence Jesus said: "No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me DRAW him, and I will raise him up at the last day. It is written in the prophets: "And they shall be all taught of God. Every man, therefore that hath heard and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father."
                Then Jesus proclaimed again: John 6:47-51: "Verily, verily I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am the bread of life. Your fathers did eat mana in the wilderness and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: If any man eats of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world."   
             
 Jesus said that feeding the soul was understood as feeding the body, so the crowd argued foolishly: John 6:52: "How can this man give us his flesh to eat?"    

              And Jesus proclaimed a third time: John 6: 53-58: "Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no LIFE in you. Whoso eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood hath eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is the bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna and are dead: He that eateth this bread shall live forever."
              In the end, not only the crowd was surprised, but many of the disciples also murmured against the Lord: "This is a hard saying; who can hear it!" Because they don't believe that Jesus came down from heaven, and they don't believe that Jesus can feed their bodies with His flesh and blood. So the Lord said, John 6: 61-63: "Doth this offend you? What and if you shall see the Son of Man ascend where he was before? It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are the spirit, and they are life."
                From the very beginning, Jesus knew who were the unbelievers, yet He kept saying and also deliberately repeats it, and only revolves around those things, without further explaining, so that those who are not good, not meritorious enough to be inspired by Jesus to understand, get bored and leave. And those who are good, meritorious like the Twelve, are inspired by Jesus to understand, as Saint Peter said: "Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life."
             The interpretations of God in the "Discourse of the Bread of Life" are so obvious, but if there is not enough merit to be guided by God's light, people cannot understand, cannot believe. On the contrary, those who are blessed are enlightened to truly believe that the Bread and Wine in the Eucharist are the real Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, and are always longing to receive Jesus into their soul's house. 
              4-Jesus eagerly waited for the moment of the institution of the Eucharist.  
              Luke 22, 14-16: "And when the hour had come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. and he said unto them: " With desire, I have desired  to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.":
            The Kingdom of God is the Church, so "The fulfilled Passover in the Kingdom of God" is The Mass which Jesus attended and gave the Body and Blood to feed our souls. 
               5- NEW WINE in the Kingdom of God.
                Mark 14, 24-25: And he said unto them, "This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God ."
             "Praise" as well as "Give thanks" are Jesus thanked God the Father for allowing him to institute the Eucharist.
              The "Kingdom of God" is the Church, in which Jesus always appears on the Lord's Supper Table at the Mass, so the NEW WINE is the HOLY BLOOD of Jesus Christ in the Holy Eucharist. Therefore, attending Mass is our soul's participation in the HOLY TABLE with Jesus Christ.            
              6- Jesus consecrates the Eucharist at Emmaus.
              Luke 24, 13-35: And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. But their eyes were holden that they should not know him. And he said unto them, "what manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?" And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering unto him, "Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?" And he said unto them, "What thing?" And they said unto him: "Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, today is the third day since these things were done. Yea and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulcher; And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulcher and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.        
     Then he said unto them, "Oh fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. But they constrained him, saying, "Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And he went in to tarry with them. And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him, and he vanished out of their sight. And they said one to another: "Did not our hearts burn within us, while he talked to us by the way, and while he opened to us the Scriptures?" And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the Eleven gathered together, and them that were with them, saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon." And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

              This passage of Scripture adds convincing evidence that Jesus decided to institute the Eucharist, turning the bread and wine into His flesh and blood to dwell in our hearts and nourish our souls:
             -First: If the Bread and Wine in the Holy Eucharist are only symbolic and in remembrance of Jesus in the ordinary sense then Jesus did not repeat the breaking of Bread because it had only been four days since He had done it, and He was present there. 
             -Second: Jesus intended to meet the two disciples with the purpose of teaching them the consecration of the Eucharist and receiving the Lord into their hearts through this Holy Sacrament because this apparition was the longest, and when the celebration of Communion of the Eucharist was completed, Jesus immediately left them.
             -Third: Jesus repeats the same rite as he did at the Last Supper: "He took the bread, blessed it, and broke it and gave it to them.": Thus the Lord really taught us to celebrate this Holy Sacrament.
              -Fourth: Jesus appeared to two disciples in the same way that Jesus taught us to come to the Lord at Mass: When we celebrate the liturgy, the Word of God teaches and nourishes our souls "Did not our hearts burn within us, while he talked to us by the way, and while he opened to us the Scriptures?" And when we celebrate the Eucharistic consecration and receive the Lord into our hearts, we meet the Lord physically and the Body and Blood of Jesus are really the food that feeds our souls: " And their eyes were opened, and they knew him."
               7- Rite of Consecration of the Eucharist.
               In the past, the Mass was in Latin, so few people understood the meaning, but since the Second Vatican Council, the Church allowed the use of vernacular, so everyone knows the rite of consecration of the Eucharist very clearly:
              After the rite of sacrifice and the preface, the priest and the faithful pray: 
             Father, you are truly Holy, the source of all holiness, therefore we implore you to use it by the grace of your Holy Spirit, that you may sanctify this offering, that it may become for us the BODY AND BLOOD OF JESUS ​​CHRIST your Son, our Lord. 
             Then the priest took the bread and prayed: 
             When he voluntarily surrendered himself to suffering, he took bread, gave thanks, broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, "TAKE THIS, ALL OF YOU, AND EAT OF IT, FOR THIS IS MY BODY, WHICH WILL BE GIVEN UP FOR YOU." Then the priest bowed down to the Blessed Sacrament.
             Next, the priest took the cup of wine and prayed:
             In a similar way, when supper was ended, he took the chalice and, once more giving thanks, he gave it to his disciples, saying: "TAKE THIS, ALL OF YOU, AND DRINK FROM IT, FOR THIS IS THE CHALICE OF MY BLOOD, THE BLOOD OF THE NEW AND ETERNAL COVENANT, WHICH WILL BE POURED OUT FOR YOU AND FOR MANY FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS, DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME." Then the priest bowed down to the Blood of the Lord.
             Only that! Think of it as just reporting and repeating God's word. So many people find it too ordinary, nothing is conventional, nothing is holy, nothing mysterious. So they could not believe that fragile bread and an ordinary cup of wine could become the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.
             But read Matthew 18:19-20: "Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven. For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them."
               So when we celebrate Mass, Jesus is present in the midst of the Lord's Supper, and when the priest reads: "Take this, all of you, and eat of it, for this is my Body, which will be given up for you." And "Take this, all of you, and drink from it, for this is the chalice of my Blood, the Blood of the new and eternal covenant, which will be poured out for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins, do this in memory of me." Then we understand and absolutely believe that Jesus was saying those words and that was Jesus who blessed the bread and wine to turn the bread and wine into his flesh and blood and dwell in the Blessed Sacrament: That's THE REAL BODY AND BLOOD OF JESUS CHRIST.
                IT'S SO PROFOUND HOLY!
                IT IS THE HIGHEST MYSTERY!   
                IT IS THE HOLIEST REALITY!        
             In short, such shreds of evidence are more than enough, those who are blessed to believe will enjoy the extremely precious gift of accepting the Lord of heaven and earth into their soul's house. That is a great blessing that the angels in heaven do not have.     
                                                                                                                        
2005

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Thủa xưa cha ông chúng ta ngỡ rằng Thiên Chúa chỉ tạo dựng mặt đất với mặt trời, mặt trăng và các vì tinh tú gắn vào nền trời, mà Thiên Chúa đã được tôn thờ là Đấng vô cùng cao trọng quyền phép, nhưng nhờ khoa học đã khám phá ra cả một vũ trụ bao la vô cùng vô tận hàng tỷ tỷ tinh tú, và những sự sắp xếp kỳ diệu trong việc tạo dưng mọi vật mọi loài, chúng ta mới nhận ra Thiên Chúa là Đấng cao trọng, tài năng quyền phép muôn muôn trùng trùng.
Thủa xưa cha ông chúng ta ngỡ rằng Thiên Chúa chỉ tạo dựng mặt đất với mặt trời, mặt trăng và các vì tinh tú gắn vào nền trời, mà Thiên Chúa đã được tôn thờ là Đấng vô cùng cao trọng quyền phép, nhưng nhờ khoa học đã khám phá ra cả một vũ trụ bao la vô cùng vô tận hàng tỷ tỷ tinh tú, và những sự sắp xếp kỳ diệu trong việc tạo dưng mọi vật mọi loài, chúng ta mới nhận ra Thiên Chúa là Đấng cao trọng, tài năng quyền phép muôn muôn trùng trùng.
Lời Chúa Giesu Kyto được ghi chép quá ít so với các loại sách vở nhưng đã chất chứa đầy đủ mọi lý lẽ khôn ngoan đủ dể cứu độ nhân loại. Phúc Âm Chúa cũng nói rất ít về Đức Mẹ, nhưng chỉ một số đoạn ngắn mà chúng ta có thể tìm thấy tất cả các bằng chứng về các nhân đức của Người. Những công phúc đó đã tạo nên vô vàn công phúc để Đức Mẹ được Chúa thưởng dịa vị cao trọng nhất dưới ngai Thiên Chúa
Lời Chúa Giesu Kyto được ghi chép quá ít so với các loại sách vở nhưng đã chất chứa đầy đủ mọi lý lẽ khôn ngoan đủ dể cứu độ nhân loại. Phúc Âm Chúa cũng nói rất ít về Đức Mẹ, nhưng chỉ một số đoạn ngắn mà chúng ta có thể tìm thấy tất cả các bằng chứng về các nhân đức của Người. Những công phúc đó đã tạo nên vô vàn công phúc để Đức Mẹ được Chúa thưởng dịa vị cao trọng nhất dưới ngai Thiên Chúa
Lòng kính mến Đức Mẹ đã có từ thời Chúa Giê-su còn rao giảng: khi nhận ra Chú cao trọng quyền năng, người ta kính mến ngưỡng mộ vị sinh thành ra Người: "Phúc thay dạ đã cưu mang Người, phúc thay vú đã cho Người bú mớm."
Có người cho rằng bánh rượu trong PHÉP THÁNH THỂ chỉ là biểu tượng; nghi thức bẻ bánh chỉ để tưởng nhớ đến Chúa Ky-tô. Cũng có người cho rằng ăn bánh uống rượu đó dù sao cũng được on Chúa.
Có người cho rằng bánh rượu trong PHÉP THÁNH THỂ chỉ là biểu tượng; nghi thức bẻ bánh chỉ để tưởng nhớ đến Chúa Ky-tô. Cũng có người cho rằng ăn bánh uống rượu đó dù sao cũng được on Chúa.
Nhiều người đọc Phúc Âm thấy những câu xem ra khó hiểu, sai sót, nghịch lý, mâu thuẫn..., nên không tin đó là Lời Chúa, không tin Chúa Giê-su là Thiên Chúa. Cũng có người tin Phúc Âm, tin Chúa Giê-su là Thiên Chúa nhưng cho là tại "Tam sao thất bản", hoặc tại phong tục tập quán của người Do-thái khác lạ... . Thật ra những từ, những câu, những đoạn có vẻ khó hiểu, lẩm cẩm lại là những điều cốt lõi quan trọng. Ở đây chỉ xem xét những câu khó hiểu nhất mà chưa từng được giải thích hoặc giải thích chưa thỏa đáng.
Nhiều người đọc Phúc Âm thấy những câu xem ra khó hiểu, sai sót, nghịch lý, mâu thuẫn..., nên không tin đó là Lời Chúa, không tin Chúa Giê-su là Thiên Chúa. Cũng có người tin Phúc Âm, tin Chúa Giê-su là Thiên Chúa nhưng cho là tại "Tam sao thất bản", hoặc tại phong tục tập quán của người Do-thái khác lạ... . Thật ra những từ, những câu, những đoạn có vẻ khó hiểu, lẩm cẩm lại là những điều cốt lõi quan trọng. Ở đây chỉ xem xét những câu khó hiểu nhất mà chưa từng được giải thích hoặc giải thích chưa thỏa đáng.
Phải hiểu Kinh Thánh mới biết Kinh Thánh vô cùng khoa hoc, mà chỉ được Thiên Chúa soi sáng mới hiểu được Kinh Thánh: Ga 6, 45: "Xưa có lời chép trong sách các ngôn sứ: Hết thảy mọi người phải được Thiên Chúa dạy dỗ. Vậy phàm ai nghe và đón nhận giáo huấn của Cha, thì sẽ đến với Ta"